The Union Environment Ministry on Wednesday refuted the 2022 Environmental Performance Index, which ranked India at the bottom of a list of 180 countries, saying some of the indicators used were extrapolated and based on guesswork and unscientific methods.
Recently released by the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy and Columbia University’s Center for International Earth Science Information Network, the index uses 40 performance indicators in 11 categories to rank countries on their performance on climate change, environmental health and the… Assess the vitality of ecosystems.
The recently published Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2022 contains many indicators based on unfounded assumptions. Some of those indicators used to evaluate performance are extrapolated and based on guesswork and unscientific methods, the ministry said in a statement.
A new indicator in the climate policy target is the “projected GHG emissions in 2050”. This will be calculated based on the average rate of change in emissions over the past 10 years, rather than modeling that takes into account a longer period, the extent of renewable energy capacity and use, additional carbon sinks, energy efficiency, etc. of each country, the ministry said.
The country’s forests and wetlands are critical carbon sinks, but were not included in the calculation of the projected greenhouse gas emissions trajectory through 2050 as reported by the EPI 2022. Historical data on the lowest emission history was ignored in the calculation, it said under the rejection of the analysis.
The ministry said the weighting of the indicators on which India had performed well had been reduced and the reasons for the change were not explained in the report.
The principle of justice is given very low weighting in the form of indicators such as GHG emissions per capita and the trend in GHG emission intensity. The CBDR-RC principle is also hardly reflected in the composition of the index, it said.
Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDRRC) recognizes the different capabilities and different responsibilities of each country in combating climate change.
The indicators of water quality, water-use efficiency and waste generation per capita, which are closely linked to sustainable consumption and production, are not included in the index, the ministry said.
The Index emphasizes the extent of protected areas rather than the quality of protection they provide. Management, effectiveness and assessment of protected areas and environmentally sensitive regions are not taken into account when calculating biodiversity indices, it said.
The index calculates the extent of ecosystems, but not their health or productivity. Indicators such as agrobiodiversity, soil health, food losses and waste were not included, although they are important for developing countries with large agricultural populations.
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