Explained | Why is India at the bottom of the 2022 Environmental Performance Index? – Low Calorie Diets Tips

According to the report, deteriorating air quality and rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions are the main reasons for India’s low score.

According to the report, deteriorating air quality and rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions are the main reasons for India’s low score.

The story so far: India on Wednesday rejected the 2022 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) on the grounds that it uses “biased metrics and weights” after coming last.

EPI 2022 ranks India at the bottom of 180 countries based on performance on all parameters related to mitigating climate change, improving environmental health and protecting ecosystem vitality.

Indicators to calculate EPI scores. | Photo credit: Environmental Performance Index 2022

The report is generally prepared by researchers from Yale and Columbia Universities in the United States. At the top is Denmark with 77.90 points, India with 18.90 points.

India’s greenhouse gas trends from the 2022 EPI

According to the report, deteriorating air quality and rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions are the main reasons behind India’s low score and deserve urgent attention.

Current trends and EPI projections suggest that China, India, the US and Russia will be responsible for over 50 percent of the remaining global greenhouse gas emissions in 2050.

Greenhouse gases (GHG) include carbon dioxide, methane, fluorinated gases and nitrous oxide. To project GHG emission levels in 2050, the study calculates the average rate of increase or decrease in emissions over ten years (2010-2019) and extrapolates this trend to 2050.

India opposed this method, saying that for a developing country like India, the accurate method would be to calculate greenhouse gas emissions per capita. It also said that a model should be created with coefficients that take into account the impact of measures to reduce emissions – such as B. the increased use of renewable energy and electric vehicles or the creation of a carbon sink – to forecast the values ​​​​for future years.

The EPI report found that most underperforming countries prioritized economic growth over sustainability.

Fossil fuel and air quality challenges

Many countries, including India and China, rely heavily on coal to support economic growth as populations grow. Large-scale burning of fossil fuels contributes to poor air quality.

Home to 21 of the world’s 30 most polluted cities, India has air quality that is rated among the worst in the world. Air pollution kills over 16,000 people in India every year, according to the report. It also identifies the burning of household fuels as the largest contributor to the country’s particulate matter emissions.

According to the EPI, air quality is a direct measure of the impact of air pollution on human health. Seven indicators – exposure to PM2.5, exposure to household solid fuels, exposure to ozone, exposure to nitrogen oxides, exposure to sulfur dioxide, exposure to carbon monoxide and exposure to volatile organic compounds – are used to determine air quality in the listed countries .

generation of plastic waste

India and Indonesia have been identified as the top two producers of marine plastic waste in the world, while China has managed to reduce ocean plastic pollution.

Ocean plastic pollution is measured as the absolute amount of plastic that a country releases into the ocean each year. Indonesia, India, the US, Brazil and Thailand are the top five polluters of plastic in the oceans, accounting for 43 percent of the world total.

Indonesia generates around 1.4 million tons of plastic in the sea every year, 16 percent of the world total. India trails slightly behind Indonesia, accounting for 13 percent of the world total. Annual plastic production in India has increased, but it is important to note that India has announced a ban on single-use plastic, which is expected to come into effect from July 1st.

Protection of biomes

In an analysis of countries protecting the world’s biomes, India came last in five out of 14 subcategories – the most for a single nation.

In its rebuttal, India’s Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change said the index emphasized the extent of protected areas rather than the quality of protection. “Assessing the management effectiveness of protected areas and environmentally sensitive regions is not included in the calculation of biodiversity indices,” the ministry said.

In the category-specific rankings for environmental health, ecosystem vitality and climate change, India performed slightly better than its overall ranking.

India ranks 178th out of 180 countries in environmental health and ecosystem vitality. In the climate change category, which measures progress in addressing global climate change, India ranks 165th out of 180.

EPI defined regions and South Asia rankings

EPI Defined Regions and South Asia Rankings | Photo credit: Environmental Performance Index 2022

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