Environmental Impact of the Ukraine War – Low Calorie Diets Tips

On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Since the At the end of World War II in 1945, this is the first time a nation has attempted to redraw borders in Europe. Russian preparation for the invasion coincided with the conclusion of the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) in November 2021. And this time, COP 26 came out with environmentally significant commitments. The nations reaffirmed the goals of the Paris Agreement to limit global temperature increases to no more than 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels. No fewer than 137 nations have pledged to take steps to reverse forest degradation by 2030, and 103 nations have pledged to reduce methane emissions by 30 percent of 2020 levels by 2030. One of the biggest obstacles to meeting these ambitious environmental goals is the world’s dependence on hydrocarbons.

The war has been going on for more than three months. It has changed geopolitics and alliances around the world. Environmental and climate protection policy is also significantly influenced by this.

The fifth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA 5.2) kicked off in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi with discussions on global environmental concerns. One of the main points discussed was why Ukraine’s biodiversity and wildlife must bear the brunt of this war. Russia ignored these concerns. In the midst of an ongoing war, environmental protection is not a big issue for Russia.

Russia is an energy giant with energy exports worth US$167 billion in 2020. Energy exports contribute about 67 percent to Russia’s economy. In 2020, Russia’s carbon footprint was 1.48 billion tons of CO2.

With sanctions restricting Russian gas supplies to the West, the EU must quickly look for alternative solutions. Germany imports 40 percent of its gas and 25 percent of its oil from Russia. Annalena Charlotte

Alma Baerbock, Germany’s foreign minister, mentioned in the early days of the war that Germany would halt its Russian oil imports by the end of 2022, followed by its gas supplies. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy calls on all EU countries to stop energy trade with Russia, as this “blood money” is hurting the Russian war machine. Russian oil and gas sales are estimated to be worth $1 billion a day. Economists have warned Berlin that an immediate halt to oil and gas supplies from Russia could trigger an economic recession in the country.

Italy is the second largest buyer of Russian hydrocarbons. Both nations are looking for alternative energy sources to limit their dependence on Russian energy imports. Russian gas can now flow through the EU

Ukraine: The Yamal-Europe pipeline crosses Belarus and Poland to Germany, and the Nord Stream 1 pipeline runs under the Baltics. Germany can import from Britain, Norway and the Netherlands to increase its energy needs, while eastern and southern European countries can import Azerbaijani gas through Turkey via the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline and the Trans-Anatolian Gas Pipeline (TANAP).

The US has also committed to ship 5 billion cubic meters of liquefied natural gas (LNG) via North Atlantic routes. The Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-E) are working on building new pipelines to transport gas from other nations. In the absence of energy solutions, there will be pressure on the Dutch government to allow more production from the huge Groningen gas field

already prone to subsidence. According to reports, 85 percent of EU citizens support measures to reduce dependence on Russian gas. But replacing Russian gas with other supplies is not a sustainable solution. European Green Deal legislation focuses on changing consumer behavior to reduce energy losses. This would reduce energy requirements by 5 percent. It would also speed up the development of renewable energy in the EU.
The “EU solar strategy” can double the energy production from photovoltaic cells. The same strategy would add another 600 GW of new solar infrastructure by 2030. Member states would need to identify geographic locations to install renewable energy infrastructure with the lowest environmental impact. The plan aims to produce 10 million tons of domestic renewable hydrogen by 2030 and import 10 million tons to phase out natural gas. In order to improve hydrogen-bonded technologies, 200 million will be made available to fund research.

To unleash the Russian energy chains, Europe needs to develop green alternatives. The war underscores the need for sustainable energy infrastructure to protect the global economy from energy giants like Russia. The EU is taking positive steps towards building its renewable infrastructure, which can be a positive model for other nations to follow. This would make our world a peaceful place and build a green, sustainable and zero-emission future.

(The authors are respectively Professor and Dean at Jindal School of Environment and Sustainability, OP Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana.)

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