G20 Indonesia: Steps towards sustainable environmental sustainability – Low Calorie Diets Tips

The sequence of Indonesia’s general elections in 2024 is drawing near, but the world security situation seems to be deteriorating. Global challenges are emerging and are inextricably linked to Indonesia’s fate.

In Europe, the conflict between Ukraine and Russia is still ongoing. Historical reasons aside, Russia’s concern about Ukraine’s position on joining NATO was a unique element in the outbreak of the war. Now the Ukrainian position is being encircled by Russian forces and the conflict has raised the prospect of a global food crisis.

The countries are tense as a result of the conflict. Russia is at odds not only with the United States, which is providing logistical and military aid to Ukraine, but also with the European Union, which is being harmed as a result. This type of connection is expected to last a long time.

A comparable situation exists throughout Asia. The South China Sea conflict, claimed by numerous nations including China, Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam, is an example of the tension in Asian relations.

This area, rich in marine resources, has exceptional economic potential in addition to its strategic location. It is estimated that the sea has 11 billion barrels of untapped oil and 190 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves.

China claims historic possession of the South China Sea. The argument is based on ancient Chinese history, from the Han Dynasty in the 2nd century B.C. to the Ming and Qing dynasties in the 13th century BC. Then, in 1947, China backed up its claim by drawing a nine-dotted line map of the South China Sea and declaring the Spartly and Paracel Islands its property.

Meanwhile, Brunei Darussalam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam normally base the South China Sea on Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) laws. China seems to be aggressive. The government not only claims 80-90 percent sovereignty over the South China Sea, but is also stepping up its defenses.

China builds military installations, builds artificial islands and deploys warships in these territorial waters. Outside the South China Sea, China is at odds with US-backed Taiwan. The normally cool relationship between the two countries has gradually thawed.

According to Tempo, China’s Defense Minister Wei Fenghe said on June 13, 2022, “If anyone tried to separate Taiwan from China, we would not hesitate to hit back. We will fight at all costs and we will fight to the bitter end.” This is China’s only choice.

This issue has also increased tensions between China and the United States. US-China relations, which improved after President Trump’s defeat, had to be reignited in the wake of the Taiwan issue.

Barring the possibility of war, the Covid-19 epidemic, which has been going on for at least two years, has recovered. Despite vaccinations, new variations keep popping up that require caution wherever we go.

The world is full of uncertainty. The prospect of war, economy and disease increases our concern for the future of the world.

How about Indonesia?

When it comes to dealing with global issues, Indonesia appears to be prepared. Prabowo Subianto, defense minister, proposes a defense equipment modernization program to strengthen defenses.

Later, the Indonesian government ordered 42 French Rafale fighter jets. The budget for the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) was also increased to 32 trillion rupiah for upgrading military equipment.

Prabowo stated that he aims to improve defence. “We will defend the country with all the means at our disposal,” Prabowo announced in a press release (November 6, 2022) (Antara).

Ahead of the general election, however, party insiders continue to go on political safaris to prepare for 2024. They look for their own compatibility efforts while also considering eligibility to prepare the next presidential and vice presidential candidates for election victory. While these actions are legitimate, they do not reflect the political elite’s intelligent approach to responding to the global threats ahead.

The question is, what kind of leader does Indonesia need today and in the future to deal with global threats? Thucydides, a Greek historian, once said, “The strong do what they can, and the weak suffer what they must.”

Thucydides’ remark seems essential in the current situation as it relates to the realities of international relations. It is a reality that a strong country would defeat a weak one, despite claims of truth.

With all its strength, the United States can influence the world through military alliances and soft power. He can even direct the confrontation between Russia and Ukraine, believing that Russia is evil.

China has the economic and military capabilities to influence Asian countries. This country’s power allows it to claim the South China Sea and even threaten Taiwan for various reasons.

As a result, Indonesia should keep striving to become a great power, especially in terms of defense and security. Indonesia should not be dictated by foreigners and should retain sovereignty over itself.

On the other hand, Indonesia has a free and active political principle, a political principle independent of the “Western” and “Eastern” blocs, yet committed to the realization of world peace. And history shows that Indonesia has maintained these foreign policy norms for decades. A political idea that cannot be abandoned due to the historical legacy of the founding fathers.

As a result, Indonesia needs to become a defense and security strong country. However, this strength is not used to subjugate other countries, but to preserve and maintain world peace.

If it is carried out, I believe that Indonesia will be recognized by other countries. That’s because Indonesia is strong, not because it colonizes and controls other nations, but because it has strong defenses and security, and aggressively conciliates all parties.

Despite the criticism leveled at him, Prabowo’s efforts to bring the country into strong unity seem to have begun. So if the expected Indonesian leader is needed in the 2024 general election, the solution is a leader who understands global geopolitical realities, national defense and security, and diplomacy with other nations.

Leave a Comment